On this World Environment Day 2019, the focus is on pollution.
According to www.worldenvironmentday.global, the main sources of pollution are: industry, agriculture, household, transport and waste.
Carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, nitrogen oxide, ground-level ozone, particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, hydrocarbons, and lead result from the above types of pollution. All are harmful to human and animal health.
The pollution is a result of indoor burning of fossil fuels, wood and other biomass-based fuels to cook, heat and light homes. 3.8 million deaths are caused by pollution annually, mostly in the developing world.
Coal-burning power plants are the major culprit, industrial processes and solvent use in the chemical and mining industries and even diesel generators where there’s no electricity.
According to www.worldenvironmentday.global, ‘The massive global transport sector accounts for a quarter of energy-related carbon dioxide emissions and this is only increasing. Almost half of all deaths by air pollution from transport are from diesel emissions, and living next to major traffic arteries increases the chances of being diagnosed with dementia by 12 percent.
‘Farming livestock produces methane and ammonia, rice paddies which produce methane, and the burning of agricultural waste. Methane emissions contribute to the formation of ground-level ozone, which causes asthma and other respiratory illnesses. Methane is also a more potent global warming gas than carbon dioxide – its impact is 34 times greater over a 100-year period. Around 24 percent of all greenhouse gases emitted worldwide come agriculture, forestry and other land-use’.
‘Open waste burning and organic waste in landfills release harmful dioxins, furans, methane, and fine particulate matter like black carbon into the atmosphere. Globally, an estimated 40 percent of waste is openly burned. The problem is most severe in urbanizing regions and developing countries. Open burning of agricultural and municipal waste is practiced in 166 out of 193 countries’.
To find out how you can help to reduce all these types of pollution go to www.worldenvironmentday.global
Reduce, Recycle, Reuse!