INSIDE THE HUMAN BODY: How Do Your Feet Work? | People Magazine

INSIDE THE HUMAN BODY: How Do Your Feet Work?

The human foot and ankle is crucial for locomotion and is one of the most complex structures of the human body. This intricate structure is made up of no less than 26 bones, 20 muscles, 33 joints – although only 20 are articulated – as well as numerous tendons and ligaments. Tendons connect the muscles to the bones and facilitate movement of the foot, while ligaments hold the tendons in place and help the foot move up and down to initiate walking. Arches in the foot are formed by ligaments, muscles and foot bones and help to distribute weight, as well as making it easier for the foot to operate efficiently when walking and running. It is due to the unique structure of the foot and the way it distributes pressure throughout all aspects that it can withstand constant pressure throughout the day.

One of the other crucial functions of the foot is to aid balance, and toes are a crucial aspect of this. The big toe in particular helps in this area, as we can grip the ground with it if we feel we are losing balance.

The skin, nerves and blood vessels make up the rest of the foot, helping to hold the shape and also supplying it with all the necessary minerals, oxygen and energy to help keep it moving easily and constantly.

 

ALSO READ: INSIDE THE HUMAN BODY: The Human Hand

What Happens When You Sprain Your Ankle?

A sprained ankle is the most common type of soft tissue injury. The severity of the sprain can depend on how you sprained the ankle, and a minor sprain will generally consist of a stretched or only partially torn ligament. However, more severe sprains can cause the ligament
to tear completely, or even force a piece of bone to
break off.

Generally a sprain will happen when you lose balance
or slip, and the foot bends inwards towards the other leg. This then overstretches the ligaments and causes the damage. Actually, over a quarter of all sporting injuries are sprains of the ankle.

Deneal Florence

Deneal Florence

I am the Assistant Fashion Editor at People Magazine but also a fashion designer, blogger, and stylist in my spare time. Working at a magazine on the fashion side is every girl’s dream job; magical, I tell you! I get to meet and work with an endless list of celebrities and not forgetting attending Fashion Week, yay! When I’m not at people I can be found working on my clothing brand, blogging and reading self-help books. Most importantly I believe in love and red lipstick.

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